Territories and areas that are conserved by indigenous peoples and local communities are called ICCAs that is an abbreviation for the territories and areas conserved by indigenous peoples and local communities. There are several protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures (OECMs) reported to Protected Planet under the governance of indigenous peoples and local communities. However, a global map of Indigenous Peoples’ land occupation is still missing. Garnett et al (2018) analised the spatial distribution of Indigenous Peoples Lands and showed that about 7.8 million km2 (20.7%) of Indigenous Peoples’ lands are within protected areas, encompassing at least 40% of the global protected area. Another recent study analysed compared the integrity of forests located in PIAs – lands legally managed or owned by Indigenous Communities to regular protected areas, non-protected areas and Indigenous lands demostrating that Protected Indigenous areas accounted for preserving the healthiest forests. Here we are showing the percentage of Indigenous Peoples'Lands that are protected.
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Source: Garnett, S. T., Burgess, N. D., Fa, J. E., Fernández-Llamazares, Á., Molnár, Z., Robinson, C. J., ... & Leiper, I. (2018). A spatial overview of the global importance of Indigenous lands for conservation. Nature Sustainability, 1(7), 369-374.